microbiome

Developing a range of products to modify the human
microbiome and bring specific health benefits

Glossary


Term Definition
Bacteria Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) organisms or as parasites (dependent on another organism for life)
Genome The genetic material of an organism
Human genome project An international scientific research project with the goal of determining the sequence of chemical base pairs which make up human DNA, and of identifying and mapping all of the genes of the human genome from both a physical and functional standpoint.
human microbiome project A United States National Institutes of Health initiative with the goal of identifying and characterizing the microorganisms which are found in association with both healthy and diseased humans (the human microbiome.
Human Microbiota The aggregate of microorganisms that resides on the humans body,  the majority on the skin or in the gastrointestinal tract. They include bacteria, fungi, and viruses
human microbiome The genomes of the human microbiota
Metabolomics The study of chemical processes involving metabolites (the intermediates and products of metabolism)
Metagenomics The study of genetic material recovered directly from genome samples
OptiBiotic® OptiBiotic® is a proprietary platform technology which generates oligosaccharides for specific microbial targets (genera or species). This is a new concept that allows the creation of targeted prebiotics. They can be used alone or in combination with target bacteria
OptiScreen® OptiBiotix' proprietary high throughput screening and optimisation technology platform designed to identify microbes within the human microbiome with metabolic pathways which can interact with human physiological processes and bring health benefits
Micro-organism A microscopic living system, such as an animal, plant, fungus, or bacterium.
Probiotic live micro-organisms which, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host
Prebiotic A dietary prebiotic is a selectively fermented ingredient that results in specific changes, in the composition and/or activity of the gastrointestinal microbiota, thus conferring benefit(s) upon host health. A prebiotic targets the microbiota already present within the ecosystem. Other prebiotic approaches may target further human or animal ecosystems such as skin, oral cavity and vaginal tract.
Synbiotic A mixture of pro- and prebiotics which beneficially affects the host by improving the survival of live microbial dietary supplements in the gastrointestinal tract

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